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Chicago Manual of Style (Notes-Bibliography System)

Based on The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition


E-books and print books are searchable via Library SearchIf you don't see a specific journal, eBook or print book or even article that you need you can request to have it purchased through Library Search by clicking on the Get This Item option.

You may use the Cite tool found when searching in the library catalog or in a database. Just be sure to always double-check your citation before putting in your final bibliography. 

Why Books?

Books are are an important type of resource because they take a broader view of a topic that does a research article or a review article. When you are new to a topic or beginning a big research project (like a senior thesis or a literature review), starting with books is a better strategy than diving straight into research articles. 

Finding Books in the Library


In academic libraries in the United States, books are grouped by subject and the call numbers correspond to those subjects in a system called the Library of Congress Classification System. For more about how to find a book in our library, see our webpage on Locating Books and Other Materials.

Basic Format for Books

Notes format (N):

1. Author first name last name, Book Title: Subtitle [in italics] (Place of publication: Publisher, year), specific page(s) referenced.

Full note and concise note example for a book

Bibliography format (B):

Author’s last name, first name. Book Title: Subtitle [in italics]. Place of publication: Publisher,  [If online book, include the delivery format (e.g., Kindle, Netlibrary, PDF eBook) or include the URL].

Bibliography example of a book

Additional Examples (Chicago)

Book with multiple authors (up to 4 authors)

N:     15. Henry Gleitman, James J. Gross, and Daniel Reisberg, Psychology (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2011), 31.

B:      Gleitman, Henry, James J. Gross, and Daniel Reisberg, Psychology. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2011.

Book with more than 4 authors

N:     10. Dana Barnes et al., Plastics: Essays on American Corporate Ascendance in the 1960s (Chicago: Morton, 2013), 49.

B:      Barnes, Dana, et al. Plastics: Essays on American Corporate Ascendance in the 1960s.Chicago:  Morton, 2013.

Chapter of a book with author plus editor

N:     22. Glenn Gould, “Streisand as Schwarzkopf,” in The Glenn Gould Reader, ed. Tim Page (New York: Vintage, 1984), 310.

B:     Gould, Glenn. “Streisand as Schwarzkopf.” In The Glenn Gould Reader, edited by Tim Page, 38-61. New York: Vintage, 1984.

*Note: When citing a section of a book, the chapter or section title is not in italics but enclosed in quotations marks.  Also, the page range is included before the place of publication in bibliography citation.


N:      6. Nathalie Cooke, Margaret Atwood: A Critical Companion (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004), 112,

B:      Cooke, Nathalie. Margaret Atwood: A Critical Companion. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004.

Kindle Book

N:      3. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (New York: Penguin Classics, 2007), Kindle edition, chap. 23.

B:      Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle edition.