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Media Studies

Advice on Citing Films

In citing film and other media, use the citation form for the format in which you watched the work being cited.

For example:

  • If you watched the film Casablanca on DVD and want to cite it, use the citation format for DVD (not the film original). 
  • If you watched Casablanca in a movie theater, use citation format for film. 
  • If you are citing a documentary or program that you watched on DVD/videotape, but which was originally broadcast on television, use the citation format for DVD/videotape. 
  • If you are citing a trailer for a theatrical movie that you watched on the internet, use the citation format for online resources.

From the UC Berkeley site.

How to cite TV, films, DVDs, DVD extras

MLA Handbook 6th edition covers these in section 5.8.1 (TV) and 5.8.3 (VHS, DVD)

  • The basic citation includes the title, the name of the director, the company that distributes the VHS or DVD, and the release date.
  • Additional information such as the screenwriter's name, actors' names, or the producer may be added if you think it would be valuable to your reader. 
  • For example

Like Water for Chocolate [Como agua para chocolate]. Screenplay by Laura Esquivel. Dir. Alfonso Arau. Perf. Lumi Cavazos,

Marco Lombardi, and Regina Torne. DVD. Miramax, 1993.

  • Citing interviews as part of DVD commentary: MLA lists how to cite "Published or Recorded Interviews" in section 5.8.7 and gives a video example last.

Citing social media

View Boise State University's guide on how to cite Twitter in MLA and APA. 

Citation Management Tools

Citation Managers are tools to help you keep track of your citations as you research and to create/format your citations and bibliography.