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APA Style (6th edition)

Based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.

What is APA & Why Do We Cite?

Citing your sources is a way to demonstrate academic honesty and is a way to avoid plagiarism.

Citing your work shows that you have:

  • Completed quality research by listing the sources that you used to get your information.
  • Are a responsible scholar by giving credit to other researchers and acknowledging their ideas.
  • Provided a way for your reader to easily find the sources that have you used by citing them accurately in your paper using a bibliography, works cited page or reference list.

APA is short for American Psychological Association.

APA Style is commonly used to cite sources within the Social Sciences. Although there are thousands of citation styles to choose from, they may vary with disciplines, with publishers, etc. You may need to speak with your professor about what style you should use for your assignment but remember to be consistent with your style and only use one style throughout your assignment. Explore this guide to learn more about how to cite using APA style.


When to Cite Sources

When you are writing your research paper, any information you quote, summarize or paraphrase must be cited and documented. You must document all of your sources to avoid plagiarism.


General Format for Citing Sources

To properly document the sources used for your research, you need to include:

  • In-text citations - use the parenthetical citation format throughout the body of your paper when you quote or paraphrase from researched information.
  • References - include a list of full citations for the sources used in your paper at the very end, as a separate page.

APA 6th Guides

Zotero Reference Management Tool

Citation Managers are tools to help you keep track of your citations as you research and to create/format your citations and bibliography. For example, Zotero allows you to keep citations, full text articles, and other research resources organized in one place. You can also use these tools to format your bibliographies and the notes/citations in your papers according to the appropriate style (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.).

STEM Librarian

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Kimberly Jackson

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