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A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of spatially-related data.
Most observational data has some spatial element (everything happens somewhere!) and can be in some way analyzed based on geographic conditions and proximity
GIS falls within the geospatial umbrella that also encompasses remote sensing and field data collection methods such as GPS, the use of drones and satellite imagery. Most industries and academic disciplines have some areas of research relying on types of GIS.
Open access textbook covering GIS basics that integrates key concepts behind the technology with practical concerns and real-world applications. Recognizing that many potential GIS users are nonspecialists or may only need a few maps, this book is designed to be accessible, pragmatic, and concise.
This is an introductory textbook on spatial analysis and spatial statistics through GIS. Each chapter presents methods and metrics, explains how to interpret results, and provides worked examples. Topics include: describing and mapping data through exploratory spatial data analysis; analyzing geographic distributions and point patterns; spatial autocorrelation; spatial clustering; geographically weighted regression and OLS regression; and spatial econometrics. The worked examples link theory to practice through a single real-world case study, with software and illustrated guidance. Exercises are solved twice: first through ArcGIS, and then GeoDa. Through a simple methodological framework the book describes the dataset, explores spatial relations and associations, and builds models. Results are critically interpreted, and the advantages and pitfalls of using various spatial analysis methods are discussed. This is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers analyzing geospatial data through a spatial analysis lens, including those using GIS in the environmental sciences, geography, and social sciences.
Implementing the ArcGIS Pro technique to design accurate, user friendly maps and making appropriate cartographic decisions Key Features - Build visually stunning and useful maps; - Understand the cartographic workflows and the decisions you must take before creating the map; - Learn to create appropriate map elements and layout designs -Use the ArcGIS Online's Smart Mapping technique to create clear webmaps