Skip to Main Content

Introduction to R Programming

For the Mac Users, commands and shortcuts would be slightly different.


Description Windows & Linux Mac
Move cursor to Console Ctrl+2 Ctrl+2
Clear console Ctrl+L Ctrl+L
Move cursor to beginning of line Home Command+Left
Move cursor to end of line End Command+Right
Navigate command history Up/Down Up/Down
Popup command history Ctrl+Up Command+Up
Interrupt currently executing command Esc Esc
Change working directory Ctrl+Shift+H Ctrl+Shift+H


Description Windows & Linux Mac
Goto File/Function Ctrl+. Ctrl+.
Move cursor to Source Editor Ctrl+1 Ctrl+1
New document (except on Chrome/Windows) Ctrl+Shift+N Command+Shift+N
New document (Chrome only) Ctrl+Alt+Shift+N Command+Shift+Alt+N
Open document Ctrl+O Command+O
Save active document Ctrl+S Command+S
Close active document (except on Chrome) Ctrl+W Command+W
Close active document (Chrome only) Ctrl+Alt+W Command+Option+W
Close all open documents Ctrl+Shift+W Command+Shift+W
Preview HTML (Markdown and HTML) Ctrl+Shift+K Command+Shift+K
Knit Document (knitr) Ctrl+Shift+K Command+Shift+K
Compile Notebook Ctrl+Shift+K Command+Shift+K
Compile PDF (TeX and Sweave) Ctrl+Shift+K Command+Shift+K
Insert chunk (Sweave and Knitr) Ctrl+Alt+I Command+Option+I
Insert code section Ctrl+Shift+R Command+Shift+R
Run current line/selection Ctrl+Enter Command+Enter
Run current line/selection (retain cursor position) Alt+Enter Option+Enter
Re-run previous region Ctrl+Shift+P Command+Shift+P
Run current document Ctrl+Alt+R Command+Option+R
Run from document beginning to current line Ctrl+Alt+B Command+Option+B
Run from current line to document end Ctrl+Alt+E Command+Option+E
Run the current function definition Ctrl+Alt+F Command+Option+F
Run the current code section Ctrl+Alt+T Command+Option+T
Run previous Sweave/Rmd code Ctrl+Alt+P Command+Option+P
Run the current Sweave/Rmd chunk Ctrl+Alt+C Command+Option+C
Run the next Sweave/Rmd chunk Ctrl+Alt+N Command+Option+N
Source a file Ctrl+Shift+O Command+Shift+O
Source the current document Ctrl+Shift+S Command+Shift+S
Source the current document (with echo) Ctrl+Shift+Enter Command+Shift+Enter
Fold Selected Alt+L Cmd+Option+L
Unfold Selected Shift+Alt+L Cmd+Shift+Option+L
Fold All Alt+O Cmd+Option+O
Unfold All Shift+Alt+O Cmd+Shift+Option+O
Go to line Shift+Alt+G Cmd+Shift+Option+G
Jump to Shift+Alt+J Cmd+Shift+Option+J
Switch to tab Ctrl+Shift+. Ctrl+Shift+.
Previous tab Ctrl+F11 Ctrl+F11
Next tab Ctrl+F12 Ctrl+F12
First tab Ctrl+Shift+F11 Ctrl+Shift+F11
Last tab Ctrl+Shift+F12 Ctrl+Shift+F12
Navigate back Ctrl+F9 Cmd+F9
Navigate forward Ctrl+F10 Cmd+F10
Extract function from selection Ctrl+Alt+X Command+Option+X
Extract variable from selection Ctrl+Alt+V Command+Option+V
Reindent lines Ctrl+I Command+I
Comment/uncomment current line/selection Ctrl+Shift+C Command+Shift+C
Reflow Comment Ctrl+Shift+/ Command+Shift+/
Reformat Selection Ctrl+Shift+A Command+Shift+A
Show Diagnostics Ctrl+Shift+Alt+P Command+Shift+Alt+P
Transpose Letters   Ctrl+T
Move Lines Up/Down Alt+Up/Down Option+Up/Down
Copy Lines Up/Down Shift+Alt+Up/Down Command+Option+Up/Down
Jump to Matching Brace/Paren Ctrl+P Ctrl+P
Expand to Matching Brace/Paren Ctrl+Shift+E Ctrl+Shift+E
Select to Matching Brace/Paren Ctrl+Shift+Alt+E Ctrl+Shift+Alt+E
Add Cursor Above Current Cursor Ctrl+Alt+Up Ctrl+Alt+Up
Add Cursor Below Current Cursor Ctrl+Alt+Down Ctrl+Alt+Down
Move Active Cursor Up Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Up Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Up
Move Active Cursor Down Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Down Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Down
Find and Replace Ctrl+F Command+F
Find Next Win: F3, Linux: Ctrl+G Command+G
Find Previous Win: Shift+F3, Linux: Ctrl+Shift+G Command+Shift+G
Use Selection for Find Ctrl+F3 Command+E
Replace and Find Ctrl+Shift+J Command+Shift+J
Find in Files Ctrl+Shift+F Command+Shift+F
Check Spelling F7 F7

Editing (Console and Source)

Description Windows & Linux Mac
Undo Ctrl+Z Command+Z
Redo Ctrl+Shift+Z Command+Shift+Z
Cut Ctrl+X Command+X
Copy Ctrl+C Command+C
Paste Ctrl+V Command+V
Select All Ctrl+A Command+A
Jump to Word Ctrl+Left/Right Option+Left/Right
Jump to Start/End Ctrl+Home/End or Ctrl+Up/Down Command+Home/End or Command+Up/Down
Delete Line Ctrl+D Command+D
Select Shift+[Arrow] Shift+[Arrow]
Select Word Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right Option+Shift+Left/Right
Select to Line Start Alt+Shift+Left Command+Shift+Left
Select to Line End Alt+Shift+Right Command+Shift+Right
Select Page Up/Down Shift+PageUp/PageDown Shift+PageUp/Down
Select to Start/End Ctrl+Shift+Home/End or Shift+Alt+Up/Down Command+Shift+Up/Down
Delete Word Left Ctrl+Backspace Option+Backspace or Ctrl+Option+Backspace
Delete Word Right   Option+Delete
Delete to Line End   Ctrl+K
Delete to Line Start   Option+Backspace
Indent Tab (at beginning of line) Tab (at beginning of line)
Outdent Shift+Tab Shift+Tab
Yank line up to cursor Ctrl+U Ctrl+U
Yank line after cursor Ctrl+K Ctrl+K
Insert currently yanked text Ctrl+Y Ctrl+Y
Insert assignment operator Alt+- Option+-
Insert pipe operator Ctrl+Shift+M Cmd+Shift+M
Show help for function at cursor F1 F1
Show source code for function at cursor F2 F2
Find usages for symbol at cursor (C++) Ctrl+Alt+U Cmd+Option+U

Completions (Console and Source)

Description Windows & Linux Mac
Attempt completion Tab or Ctrl+Space Tab or Command+Space
Navigate candidates Up/Down Up/Down
Accept selected candidate Enter, Tab, or Right Enter, Tab, or Right
Dismiss completion popup Esc Esc


Description Windows & Linux Mac
Move focus to Source Editor Ctrl+1 Ctrl+1
Move focus to Console Ctrl+2 Ctrl+2
Move focus to Help Ctrl+3 Ctrl+3
Show History Ctrl+4 Ctrl+4
Show Files Ctrl+5 Ctrl+5
Show Plots Ctrl+6 Ctrl+6
Show Packages Ctrl+7 Ctrl+7
Show Environment Ctrl+8 Ctrl+8
Show Git/SVN Ctrl+9 Ctrl+9
Show Build Ctrl+0 Ctrl+0
Sync Editor & PDF Preview Ctrl+F8 Cmd+F8
Show Keyboard Shortcut Reference Alt+Shift+K Option+Shift+K


Description Windows & Linux Mac
Build and Reload Ctrl+Shift+B Cmd+Shift+B
Load All (devtools) Ctrl+Shift+L Cmd+Shift+L
Test Package (Desktop) Ctrl+Shift+T Cmd+Shift+T
Test Package (Web) Ctrl+Alt+F7 Cmd+Alt+F7
Check Package Ctrl+Shift+E Cmd+Shift+E
Document Package Ctrl+Shift+D Cmd+Shift+D


Description Windows & Linux Mac
Toggle Breakpoint Shift+F9 Shift+F9
Execute Next Line F10 F10
Step Into Function Shift+F4 Shift+F4
Finish Function/Loop Shift+F6 Shift+F6
Continue Shift+F5 Shift+F5
Stop Debugging Shift+F8 Shift+F8


Description Windows & Linux Mac
Previous plot Ctrl+Alt+F11 Command+Option+F11
Next plot Ctrl+Alt+F12 Command+Option+F12


Description Windows & Linux Mac
Diff active source document Ctrl+Alt+D Ctrl+Option+D
Commit changes Ctrl+Alt+M Ctrl+Option+M
Scroll diff view Ctrl+Up/Down Ctrl+Up/Down
Stage/Unstage (Git) Spacebar Spacebar
Stage/Unstage and move to next (Git) Enter Enter


Description Windows & Linux Mac
Quit Session (desktop only) Ctrl+Q Command+Q
Restart R Session Ctrl+Shift+F10 Command+Shift+F10