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A guide to getting started with SPSS statistical software

Analyze Menu

The easiest way to get started performing a statistical analysis is to open up the Analyze menu. Options are grouped by the general type of analysis, and the options for each test or output depends on the type of test.

A screenshot of the SPSS Analyze drop down menu

For example, to run an ANOVA you are able to choose the independent and dependent variables from the pre-populated list from your dataset (1).

There are various options you can adjust and types of post hoc tests, depending on what is appropriate for your type of data (2).

The Paste button (3) at the bottom will take your settings from this window and paste them into the Syntax window if you want to track the steps of your process.

Sceenshot of the window in SPSS for setting the options to run an ANOVA

Output Window

Once you've run your test, the output window will appear with the results as well as any error or warning messages. The left-hand panel will keep track of the tests you've run, and the entire output can be saved in a separate file at the end of your session.

Screenshot of the SPSS output view window showing the results of descriptive statistical analysis

Creating a Codebook

If you are going to share your dataset with a repository or other collaborators, you will want to create a codebook that includes the variables and their descriptions (as you have set them up in the Variable View window).

Under the Analyze>Reports menu choose Codebook and set the appropriate options.