Dictionaries, Guides, Encyclopedias
What is data? How does it relate to statistics?
The term data refers to qualitative or quantitative attributes of a variable or set of variables. Data (plural of "datum") are typically the results of measurements and can be the basis of graphs, images, or observations of a set of variables. Data are often viewed as the lowest level of abstraction from which information and then knowledge are derived. Raw data, i.e. unprocessed data, refers to a collection of numbers, characters, images or other outputs from devices that collect information to convert physical quantities into symbols. Statistics is the study of the collection, organization, and interpretation of data. It deals with all aspects of this, including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments.
Strategy For Finding Data.
Ask the question: What organization or agency would likely collect this data?
Government Agencies? Government Agencies collect data at all levels to aid policy decisions. It is generally distributed free via the internet. Organizations ? Larger data sets are generally available in SPSS, Excel, SAS or Stata formats.