Sources from the Everett D. Graff Collection of Western Americana at the Newberry Library, Chicago. Original manuscripts, ephemeral material (trade cards, wanted posters, photos, claim certificates, news-sheets etc), maps, and rare printed works. Contents include: Papers of early pioneers, explorers and hunters, including James Audubon. Canada and the Pacific Northwest including accounts of the Gold Rush and the landscape. Prospectuses and city directories. The growth of railway and road networks through maps and through records of key railroad companies. Emigrants guides, manuscript travel journals, store catalogues, illustrations and maps enable scholars to understand the phenomenon of Westward expansion. Accounts of ranches and of the prairie lands document the agricultural transformation of the West. Literary and historical works, contemporary newspapers and posters, first hand accounts of the lives of vigilantes and outlaws. Native American history and culture.
Covers interactions between American Indians and Europeans from earliest contact, through the American Civil War, the on-going repercussions of government legislation, up to the civil rights movement of the mid- to late-twentieth century. Contains: manuscripts ranging from the early 16th to the mid-20th centuries; Artwork including rare American Indian ledger art; Speeches and petitions written by American Indians; Diaries, essays, travel journals and ledger books from early European expeditions and treaty-related materials; Linguistic studies and ethnographic accounts of American Indian life; and photographs, rare printed books, and American Indian newspapers from the 1960s-1990s. Themes include European Powers, US Government, Military Encounters, Culture-related materials, Indigenous Peoples of Mexico, First Nations of Canada, missionaries and Education, trade and Indian economies and the Civil Rights Movement.