An excellent guide from Bates College outlining the different parts of a scientific paper including abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, acknowledgements, literature cited, and appendices. Also explains the why to all these different parts!
Below are some pointers for what makes a good results section in a scientific paper from the Pomona Chemistry department. For an example of these pointers in context, see your Sakai site.
Use topic sentences to make it very clear what a section is about. Topic sentences are a general statement about the content of that paragraph, and the reader expects the section to be on that topic.
The results section is organized by procedure or experiment, and major results are given for each.
In most cases, background information is included only in the introduction. In some cases, however, depending on the flow of the paper, it can make sense to provide some background information before explaining your results. You can tell when someone has done this - and where you do this - by the presence of references (aka citations).
There should also be transition sentences, which show a logical flow between sections.
Paraphrasing and Plagiarism
What is paraphrasing? What is a summary? Academic writing is tricky because you rely on the research that has come before in order to do something original. In this complex process, you need to be able to correctly and accurately give credit to other researchers and scientists when you use their work. Quoting is very rarely used in scientific or technical writing, so paraphrasing skills will serve you well.
The resources here are useful starting points on finding more information on how to paraphrase. If you have any questions, reach out to your lab instructor or your course librarian.
From the Academic Integrity MIT: A Handbook for Students, this outlines the exact meaning of paraphrasing. It also shows examples of paraphrasing versus plagiarism. Although the examples are not from chemistry, there are guidelines to help you evaluate your own work.
Also from MIT, this article demonstrates examples of summarizing, and the differences between paraphrasing and summarizing.
What Should Your Paper Look Like?
This semester you will write a scientific paper. Papers written in the sciences vary dramatically from papers that you might have written in a first year seminar because they're designed to communicate a different type of information, and to communicate it as quickly as possible. What does that look like? Have a look at this image below, which is based on the template you will be using to format your final assignment.
For help with using the template itself, download it from your Sakai site and follow the instructions. It's a bit finicky, but is based on the format for an actual journal. See your lab manual for more specific details about writing your paper.
Information adapted from your lab manual and from Bates College, "The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper” Bates College Biology Department.http://abacus.bates.edu/~ganderso/biology/resources/writing/HTWsections.html