A standard is a published document that establishes rules and requirements to ensure the reliability and safety of a product, material, service, or method. The ISO (International Organization for Standardization) defines a standard as a "document that provides requirements, specifications, guidelines, or characteristics that can be used consistently to ensure that materials, products, processes, and services are fit for their purpose."
Where do they come from?
Standards are produced and/or adopted by national standards organizations, international standards organizations, professional societies or organizations, and private companies. The American National Standards Institute coordinates many of the organizations creating standards. You can read more about standards in their online course "Why Standards Matter."
How do you access standards?
Because of the time and effort included in creating standards, standards are very expensive. The Claremont Colleges Library has access to a number of IEEE standards, and you can use the resources below to search for standards. Once you find the standard you need, you can request it though Resource Sharing or suggest a purchase.
Standards available at the Claremont Colleges Library
The Institute oversees the creation, promulgation and use of thousands of norms and guidelines that directly impact businesses in nearly every sector: from acoustical devices to construction equipment, from dairy and livestock production to energy distribution, and many more.
NISO, the National Information Standards Organization, a non-profit association accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), identifies, develops, maintains, and publishes technical standards.