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Research Guides

CM GOVT 149 Foreign Relations of the United States: Citing

Citation Components



Chicago Manual of Style Online

The library subscribes to the Chicago Manual of Style online.

In a hurry? Check out the Quick Guide link.

Citing Your Sources

MLA StyleAPA Style

There are many different "styles" you may choose from when citing sources. Your professor will probably tell you which "style" is preferred for your class. MLA (Modern Language Association), Chicago, and APA (American Psychological Association) are the three which are used most often by students at The Claremont Colleges.


The following quick guides for citing your sources are from Diana Hacker's Research and Documentation Online.

If you need to cite legal documents or government publications, or just understand the citations you find, the following guides will help.

Recent editions of style manuals, which include more detailed information and examples, are available at the Services Desk in Honnold/Mudd Library.

If you need help on your research project, talk to your professor, stop by the Services Desk at Honnold/Mudd Library, make an appointment to talk with a Reference Librarian, or talk with someone in the Writing Center on your campus.

Which Citation Style?

There are hundreds of citation styles. The three most common are MLA, APA, and Chicago. If you are unfamiliar with these citation styles and would like to choose the one that you'll probably use in your major, here is an overview of the disciplines where these styles are normally used:

MLA = English and other humanities disciplines

APA = Psychology and other social sciences

Chicago = Used in many disciplines

There are a variety of citation styles and many disciplines have their own. See the Purdue OWL page for a rundown of major disciplines and their prefered citation style.

Tools to Manage Your Research -- RefWorks & Zotero

Both Zotero and RefWorks allow you to keep citations, full text articles, and other research resources organized in one place. You can also use these tools to format your bibliographies and the notes/citations in your papers according to the appropriate style (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.).

Zotero is a free, open-source application that you download from the web and install on your computer. There are excellent directions on how to download in this LibGuide: Zotero - Citation Manager for Firefox, Safari, Chrome .

There is a useful video on how to use Zotero at the Zotero web site: Getting Stuff into your Library {Zotero] .

There are several LibGuides: Zotero - Citation Manager for Firefox, Safari, Chrome: Install Zotero for Firefox  ;more information on Zotero is available online. The library provides one general Zotero Research Guide, and another guide tailored to our drop-in Zotero workshops. Because Zotero is an open-source program, many minds across the Web are hard at work figuring out how best to use and extend Zotero -- it's often helpful to just Google your questions, or consult the help or FAQs at

Mac users sometimes have trouble finding their Word plug-in. the Word plug-in lives in different places depending on their Mac Operating System (OS). For most Macs 2008 and older it live in their Apple script menu. You can read and see more here.

The Library offers workshops on how to use both of these "bibliographic management" tools, as well as on EndNote, a similar application that you purchase and install on your computer.

RefWorks is web-based. You can access it and create an account from any computer connected to the internet. RefWorks is free to current students of The Claremont Colleges.

For more information about these tools, or about workshops, check the Library Web page under Upcoming Workshops and Events.