English edition of the authoritative ancient world reference, Der Neue Pauly, published by Verlag J.B. Metzler since 1996. The unrivaled modern reference work for the ancient world and Greco-Roman antiquity. Covers more than two thousand years of history, ranging from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe. Emphasizes the interaction between Greco-Roman culture, and Semitic, Celtic, Germanic, and Slavonic culture, and ancient Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Traditional and new areas of research from leading scholars all over the world. Maps and illustrations are included. The English version includes updated bibliographic references.