Executive Yuan / 行政院
The Executive Yuan is the highest administrative organ of the Republic of China (ROC). Its functions and obligations are stipulated in the Constitution of the Republic of China and the Organizational Act of the Executive Yuan. The Executive Yuan has a president (usually referred to as the premier of the ROC); a vice president (vice premier); a number of ministers and chairpersons of commissions; and several ministers without portfolio. The premier is appointed by the president of the Republic. The vice premier, ministers, and chairpersons are also appointed by the president on the recommendation of the premier.
The Executive Yuan has a council comprised of the premier, who presides over its meetings, the vice premier, the heads of ministries and commissions, and ministers without portfolio. According to the Constitution, the council evaluates statutory and budgetary bills, and bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusion of peace and treaties, and other important affairs, all of which are to be submitted to the Legislature, as well as matters of common concern to various ministries and commissions. The Executive Yuan Council may request that relevant personnel attend council meetings for interpellation.
The Executive Yuan has a secretary-general and a deputy secretary-general, both of whom attend meetings of the Executive Yuan Council. On the request of the premier, the secretary-general handles Executive Yuan affairs and supervises all employees under his or her charge. The deputy secretary-general assists the secretary-general in handling these affairs. (Please refer to Chart for the internal organizational structure of the Executive Yuan.)