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Open Access Resources: Citing OA Publications

Information and resources to better your understanding of the use and creation of Open Access scholarship.


Citing Academic Articles

[Thanks to Lisa Macklin at Emory University]

Chicago Manual of Style


  • Pre-prints (prior to peer-review)
    • not having been subject to peer review, pre-prints are treated as unpublished material
    • Author Last, First.  “Article Title.”  Preprint, submitted Month Day, Year.  URL.
    • Example: Lein, Matthias.  “Characterization of Agnostic Interactions in Theory and Computation.”  Preprint, submitted July 10, 2008.
  • Post-prints (after peer review but prior to publication)
    • if an article has been accepted for publication by a journal but has not yet appeared, forthcoming stands in place of the year and the page numbers.  Any article not yet accepted should be treated as an unpublished manuscript (see above)
    • Author Last, First.  “Article Title.”  Journal Title Issue (forthcoming).
    • Example: Author, Margaret M.  “Author Title.”  Journal 98 (forthcoming).
  • Final published articles
    • Author Last, First.  “Article Title.”  Journal Name Volume, no. issue (year): p-p.  url or doi (for sources consulted online).
    • Example: Olson, Hope A.  “Codes, Costs and Critiques: The Organization of Information in Library Quarterly, 1931-2004.”  Library Quarterly 76, no. 1 (2006): 19-35.  Doi:10.1086/504343.

The Chicago Manual of Style Online, 16th edition,, 14.229, 14.182, 14.173.



  • Pre-prints (prior to peer-review)
    • Author, A.A.  (in press).  Title of article.  Title of Periodical.  Retrieved from
    • Briscoe, R.  (in press).  Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception.  Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.  Retrieved from
  • Post-prints (after peer review but prior to publication)
    • Author, A.A.  (year).  Title of article.  Title of Periodical.  Advance online publication.  doi: xx.xxxxxxxxxx
    • Example: Von Ledebur, S.C. (2007).  Optimizing knowledge transfer by new employees in companies.  Knowledge Management Research & Practice.  Advance online publication.  doi: 10.1057/palgrave.kmrp.8500141
  • Final published articles
    • include digital object identifier (doi) if one is assigned; if no DOI assigned and you retrieved the content online, include URL of home page of journal, newsletter, or magazine
    • Author, A.A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (year).  Title of article.  Title of Periodical, xx, pp-pp.  doi: xx.xxxxxxxxxx
    • Example: Herbst-Damm, K.L., & Kulik, J.A. (2005).  Volunteer Support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients.  Health Psychology, 24, 225-229.  Doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2010): 198-200.



  • Published articles
    • Author’s name.  “Title of article.”  Journal Title Volume.Issue (year).
    • Example: Piper, Andrew.  “Rethinking the Print Object: Goethe and the Book of Everything.”  PMLA 121.1 (2006): 124-38.  Print.

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Seventh Edition (New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2009): 137.